The Cultural Heritage of a Nation represents its Glorious Past whereas Natural Heritage represents a Nation’s Biodiversity. It is the epitome of country’s Pride and should be preserved to utmost priority. Heritage Sites are the places that let the world know about the country’s Culture, Traditions, Ancient Architecture, Civilizations and Natural Splendor. UNESCO distinguishes those sites as World Heritage Sites in India, which are of Utmost Cultural and Natural Importance and should be concerned globally for their protection.
India is on top of the list having a large no. of World Heritage Sites in India, which requires Global Importance and should be preserved and maintained on the highest priority.
With the addition of 3 new World Heritage Sites in July 2016, India has a total of 35 World Heritage Sites. 27 of these Sites are of cultural Importance while 7 are of Natural Importance and 1 is a combination of both as per UNESCO. All these Heritage Sites offer its visitors something Unique and Special and a visit to all these places will take you a step closer towards India. History and Architecture Lovers can visit the Cultural Heritage Sites while who love Wildlife and Adventure, Natural Heritage Sites will be an extreme Delight for them. Below is the list of all Spectacular World Heritage Sites in India, which you should visit to find the real Wealth of Our Country.
Cultural Heritage Sites in India
- Khajuraho Group of Monuments – Madhya Pradesh
One of the Unique Heritage Sites in India, Khajuraho is famous Worldwide for its Group of Hindu and Jain Temples. These Temples are known for the Great Nagara Style Architecture having Erotic Sculptures and Figures carved on them. All these Erotic Poses and Postures depicts their story back from the Ancient Indian Erotica – The Kamasutra.
The Site consists of a total of 85 Temples and Monuments, which were built near about 1050 CE by the Chandella Dynasty. Khajuraho is a popular Hot Spot for Historians and Architects from all around the Globe and holds a special place in Indian Heritage.
Important Monuments at Khajuraho – Kandariya Mahadeva Temple, Lakshmana Temple, Vamana Temple, Brahma Temple, Dulhadev Temple, Javeri Temple, Viswanath Temple, Ruins of Ghantai Temple
- Red Fort Complex – Delhi
Also Known as Lal Qila, this Architectural Gem was built by Mughal Emperor Shahjahan in the 17th Century. The Fort is built completely with Red Sand Stones and represents the Glory of Mughals and their Unique Architectural Creativity.
The whole Fort Complex is a blend of different styles of Architecture, mainly the Indo-Islamic, Hindu, Timurid and Persian Architecture. Red Fort is one of the most important World Heritage Sites in India and one of the main Places to visit in Delhi.
Important Monuments in Red Fort Complex – Lahori Gate, Delhi Gate, Chhatta Chowk, Naubat Khana, Diwan-i-Aam, Mumtaj Mahal, Rang Mahal, Diwan-i-Khas, Moti Masjid, Hira Mahal, Hayat Bakhsh Bagh and Hammam.
- Jantar Mantar – Jaipur, Rajasthan
Jantar Mantar is one of the Spectacular Heritage Sites in India popular for its Astronomical Importance. Built in the 18th Century by Maharaja Jai Singh of Rajasthan, Jantar Mantar is the Biggest Stone Made Astronomical Observatory in the World. The Site features World’s largest Stone Sun Dial along with 19 other Astronomical Instruments. These Instruments were used for measuring time, tracking the location of major stars, predicting eclipses, ascertaining the declination of planets and many other Astronomical measurements.
Important Monuments/Instruments at Jantar Mantar – Disha Yantra, Jai Prakash Yantra, Chakra Yantra, Dakshin Bhitti Yantra, Digamsha Yantra, Kapali Yantra, Kanali Yantra, Rashi Valaya Yantra, Rama Yantra and Kranti Yantra.
- Qutub Minar Complex – New Delhi
The Qutub Minar Complex is an important World Heritage Site situated in the Mehrauli region of Delhi. The major attraction of this complex is Qutub Minar, which is a 244 Feet Tall Minaret made of Marble and Red Stand Stone. The Minar was Built by Qutb-Ud-Din-Aibak to honor the popular Sufi saint – Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki. The Qutub Minar Complex is a Popular Tourist Destination of India and an important Site depicting the Cultural Heritage of India. Several other impressive structures like the famous Iron Pillar and Alia Minar (a half-constructed replica of Qutub Minar) make it one of the Top World Heritage Sites in India.
Important Monuments at Qutub Minar Complex – Quwwat al-Islam Mosque, Alai Minar, Alai Gate, The Ruins of Several Jain Temples, The Iron Pillar and the Tombs of Alauddin Khilji, IItutmish, and Imam Zamin.
- Group of Monuments, Mahabalipuram – Tamil Nadu
Shore Temple at Mahabalipuram –Image Source
Located on the Coromandel Coast of Bay of Bengal, Mahabalipuram is a Cultural Heritage Site popular for its Shore Temple, many Cave Temples, Chariot temples, Largest Open Air Rock Relief and the Pallava Dynasty Architecture. The Ratha Architecture, Stone Carved Structures, and Rock Paintings are some main attractions of this Heritage Site. Mahabalipuram is one of the Best Weekend Getaways from Chennai on a distance of 58 km approximately.
Important Monuments at Mahabalipuram – Shore Temple, Rock Relief, Dharamraja Ratha, Bhima Ratha, Arjuna Ratha, Draupadi Ratha, Ganesha Ratha, Varaha Cave Temple, Panchapandava cave temple, Krishna Cave Temple, and Mahishasuramardini Mandapa.
- Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh
Buddhist Complex at Sanchi is famous for the Great Stupa situated on a Hilltop of Sanchi Town. The Site is a popular Buddhist Tourist Attraction in India and is considered as Oldest Stone Structures of India. The Sanchi Stupa was built by Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE and its nucleus was a Hemispherical Brick Structure which was built over the Relics of Buddha. The other Monuments of Sanchi include the Temples, Monasteries and Monolithic Pillars.
Also, See – Best Places to visit in Madhya Pradesh
- Churches and Convents of Goa – Old Goa
In the 15th and 16th Centuries, the Portuguese came to India and establish themselves on the Konkan Coast of India, mainly in Goa. They built several Churches and Convents in Goa in order to Promote and Spread Christianity in India. All these Churches and Convents are then added to the list of World Heritage Sites due to their Diverse and Beautiful Portuguese Style of Architecture.
Also, See – Most Spectacular Beaches in Goa
Churches and Convents of Goa – Basilica of Bom Jesus, Se Cathedral, Church of St. Francis of Assisi, Church of St. Cajetan, Church of St. Augustine, Church of Lady of Rosary.
- Champaner-Pavagadh Archeological Park – Gujarat
Located near the Historic City of Champaner in Panchmahal district of Gujarat, the Champaner-Pavagadh Archeological Park is one of the most Popular Places to visit in Gujarat. This Heritage Site is Dotted with Temples, Palaces, Tombs, Mosques, Fortresses and Walls, Stepwells, Arches and Entrance Gates.
The Site spreads from the Hills of Pavagadh to the City of Champaner and the major Attractions includes Historical, Archeological, and Living Cultural Heritage Monuments. A Temple is located at the height of 2,600 feet on Pavagadh Hill, which is an important Hindu Shrine and attracts a large number of Pilgrims every Year.
Important Monuments at Champaner-Pavagadh Archeological Park – Jama Masjid, Kevda Masjid, Lakulisa Temple, Kalika Mata Temple, Pavagadh Fort, Helical Stepwell, Citadel Walls and Kabutarkhana Pavillion.
- Konark Sun Temple – Odisha
One of the Most Popular Temples In India, Konark Sun Temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located 35 km from Puri, Odisha. Built in the form of Gigantic Ornamental Chariot of Surya – The Sun God, Konark Temple is an excellent piece of Ancient Kalinga Architecture. The Marvelously Carved Stone Wheels, Walls, and Pillars are led by 6 elaborately carved Stone Horses. The Stone Wheels of the Temple are Sundials that can Calculate Time as accurate to a minute. Konark Sun Temple is one of the Most Popular Heritage Sites In India and also holds a place in the list of Seven Wonders of India.
- Group of Monuments at Pattadakal – Karnataka
Pattadakal is a popular Tourist place in Karnataka and a UNESCO Heritage Site famous for its Hindu and Jain Temples built in 7th and 8th Century. Located on the banks of the Malaprabha River in Bagalkot, this Heritage Site features many Historical monuments built in different styles of Architecture notably The Chalukya Architecture, The Nagara Architecture and The Dravidian Architecture.
Important Monuments at Pattadakal – Sangameshwara Temple, Mallikarjuna Temple, Chandrashekhara Temple, Virupaksha Temple, Galaganatha temple and the Kashi Viswanatha Temple.
- Rani Ki Vav, Patan – Gujarat
Built in complex Maru-Gurjara Architecture, Rani Ki Vav (Queen’s Step Well) is an Intricately Designed Stepwell in Patan district of Gujarat. Constructed during the period of Caulukya Dynasty, the Step well has Seven levels of Stairs and an Inverted Temple along with more than 500 beautifully carved Sculptures. Apart from the Historical importance, Rani Ki Vav also holds Religious importance which can be found in the Stone Carving on the walls and Mythological Art on the Sculptures inside the Well. Rani ki Vav was added to UNESCO World Heritage Sites list on June 2014 and also acquire the Title of “Cleanest Iconic Place in India” in 2016.
- Group of Monuments at Hampi – Karnataka
Once the capital of Vijayanagara Empire, Hampi is now a City of Ruins swarmed by Tourists from around the Globe. Hampi is an important UNESCO World Heritage Site in India showing Strong Influences of the Dravidian Style of Architecture. There are Several Monuments in this Heritage Site among which the Virupaksha Temple is the most Popular one and also a significant religious center for Hindus. The City is situated on the Banks of Tungabhadra River, which offers an astonishing Backdrop to this place.
Important Monuments at Hampi – Virupaksha Temple, Vitthala Temple Complex, Achyutaraya Temple Complex, Krishna Temple Complex, Lotus Mahal and Jain Temple.
- Hill Forts of Rajasthan
If you want to witness the Royal Side of India, the best way is visiting the numerous Forts and Palaces in Rajasthan. Hill Forts of Rajasthan are a group of 6 Magnificent Forts standing on the Hilltops of Majestic Aravalli Mountain Range. These Forts are famous for the Military Style Defense Architecture of Rajputana Kingdom includes Ranthambore Fort, Jaisalmer Fort, Amber Fort, Gagron Fort and Forts of Chittorgarh and Kumbhalgarh. All these masterpieces of Great Rajputana Architecture represent the extreme strength of the Rajputana Kingdom in India. The Heritage Site is spread over a great expanse and offers Majestic views of the Aravalli Hills and nearby places.
- Bhimbetka Rock Shelters – Madhya Pradesh
The Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka are an Archeological Heritage Site which showcases the earliest traces of Human Life in the Indian Subcontinent and the beginning of Stone Age in India. Located inside the Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary in Raisen District of Madhya Pradesh, these Shelters are famous for its Rock Art and Cave Paintings which are considered to be 30,000 years old.
The whole area is located in the Southern part of Vindhya Hills and blessed with Natural Beauty and rich Flora and Fauna. Exhibiting the Cultures from Paleolithic to Historic Period, these Cave Paintings depict the Hunting Style, Day to Day Activities and Survival of Human Life over the Centuries.
- Taj Mahal, Agra – Uttar Pradesh
Taj Mahal is a Beautiful Historical Monument, which is often referred to as – The Symbol of Love. This Spectacular Masterpiece of Mughal Architecture was built by Shahjahan in the fond memory of his Beloved Wife Mumtaz Mahal. Taj Mahal is considered as the finest example of Mughal Art and Architecture in India and frequented by Tourists from all over the World. It is a Domed Shape Monument made with White Marbles that also holds a place in the list of New Seven Wonders of Words.
The Beautiful Mausoleum of Mumtaj Mahal is surrounded by many other impressive structures like the Great Gate, Mosque, and Mughal Garden. Undoubtedly, this “Jewel of Muslim Art in India” is one of the major Historical Places in India.
- Humayun’s Tomb – New Delhi
One of the Best Places to visit in Delhi, Humayun’s Tomb is a perfect example of Persian and Central Asian Style of Islamic Architecture in India. Built in 1565-1571 by the First Wife of Humayun – Empress Bega Begum, the monument undergoes many restoration works till its completion.
The Beautiful Tomb is bordered by Beautiful Gardens and some very Beautiful Monuments and Structures.
Important Monuments in Humayun’s Tomb – Mosque and Tomb of Isa Khan, Afsarwala Mosque and Tomb, Arab Sarai, Nila Gumbad, Chilla Nizamuddin Aulia and Barber’s Tomb.
- Great Living Chola Temples – Tamil Nadu
Built during the rule of Chola Empire in South India, this Group of Temples portrays the immense creativity and Skills of Chola Architects. This Heritage Site includes 3 important Temples named The Brihadisvara Temple, The Airavatesvara Temple and the Temple of Gangaikonda Cholapuram.
The temples are said to be Living Temples as the rituals and festivals performed by people several years ago still held here. The Great Living Chola Temples are the finest example of Preserve Heritage of Art and Architecture in India.
- Mahabodhi Temple Complex, Bodhgaya – Bihar
Mahabodhi Temple Complex is a UNESCO World Heritage site associated with the life of Lord Buddha and is one of the most sacred sites for Buddhist Pilgrims in India. There is a Holy Tree (The Bodhi Tree) which is believed to be the place where Siddhartha Gautama attained Enlightenment and became Gautam Buddha.
The Mahabodhi Temple Complex comprises of a 50m high Bodhi Temple, The Holy Bodhi Tree, The Vajrasana and Six other Sacred Sites. As the place is associated with the Enlightenment of Buddha, the place is also known as the “Land of Enlightenment”.
- Ajanta Caves – Maharashtra
Ajanta caves are one of the most important Heritage Sites in India famous for its Rock-Cut Cave Monuments, Temples and Monasteries. The Site consists of 30 Beautiful Cave Monuments date back from 2nd Century BCE to 650 CE.
The Ajanta Caves showcases the diverse Buddhist Traditions carved into a Wall of Rock that is 250 feet in height. There are many Worship Halls and Monasteries in the Caves along with the Painting and Sculptures depicting the rebirths and Past lives of Buddha.
The Caves also exhibits the Rock-Cut Sculptures of many Buddhist Deities and Pictorial representations of Aryasura’s Jatakamala. Ajanta Caves are the very First Heritage Site to be listed under UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
- Fatehpur Sikri – Uttar Pradesh
As the name indicates, Fatehpur Sikri is a Heritage Place that portrays the Victory (Fateh) of Mughal Emperor Akbar over Ranthambore and Chittore Kingdoms of Rajput Kings. Built by Akbar in Honor of great Sufi Saint Salim Chisti, Fatehpur Sikri is an ancient Walled City with a series of beautiful Structures like Royal Palaces, Courts, Harem, a Mosque and other Utility Buildings.
The Site is also famed as the Birthplace of Navaratnas of Emperor Akbar – Raja Birbal, Raja Todar Mal, Tansen, Faizi etc.
Important Monuments at Fatehpur Sikri – Tomb of Salim Chisti, Buland Darwaja, Jama Masjid, Diwan-i-khas, Diwan-i-Aam, Ibadat Khana, Panch Mahal, Hiran Minar, Birbal’s House.
- Agra Fort – Uttar Pradesh
Renowned as the Sister Monument of the famous Taj Mahal, Agra Fort is located near to Taj Mahal on the right bank of Yamuna River. The Fort is a fine structure made of Red Sandstone and once was the Main Residence of some Great Emperors of Mughal Dynasty. With a Blend of Persian, Tumirid and Ancient Indian Architecture, Agra Fort is one of the Most Beautiful Mughal Forts In India.
Important Monuments in Agra Fort – Jahangir Palace, Diwan-e-Khas, Diwan-e-Aam, Sheesh Mahal, Moti Masjid and Delhi Gate.
- Ellora Caves – Maharashtra
Famous World-Wide for its Rock-Cut Indian Architecture, Ellora Caves are located 30 km from Aurangabad in the State of Maharashtra. The Caves represents Art Work and Monuments of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism from the period of 600-1000 CE. Among the 100 Caves that are present in this Area, 34 Caves can be accessed by the general public.
Now a UNESCO Heritage Site of Archeological Importance, Ellora caves once served as Temples for Hindu Prayers, Monasteries for Buddhist Monks and the Resting place for the other Pilgrims. Most popular cave in Ellora is Cave 16, which is a Chariot Shaped Monument (Kailasha Temple) excavated from a single monolithic Rock and is largest of its kind in the World.
- Elephanta Caves – Maharashtra
Located on the Elephanta Island in the Arabian Sea, Elephanta Caves are a popular Heritage Site in India at a distance of 10 km from Gateway of India, Mumbai. The Caves are the representation of Art and Architecture from the Medieval India. There are two groups of Caves in Elephanta Island- One is a small group of 2 Buddhist Caves and other is the large group of 5 Hindu Caves.
The Rock-cut Art and Sculptures in the Hindu Caves mainly depicts the power of Lord Shiva as Creator and also the destroyer of this Universe.
Cave 1 or the Shiva Cave is the most important among the Elephanta Caves and represents the Shaiva Hindu Sect through several rock-cut Sculptures of Hindu Deities.
- Capitol Complex – Chandigarh
Recently added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India, Capitol Complex in Chandigarh is a fine example of Le Corbusier’s (a Popular Franco-Swiss Architect) Architectural Works in various parts of the World.
Also known as the City Beautiful, Chandigarh is the first planned city of India constructed under the guidance of Le Corbusier and Capitol Complex is the Prime Demonstration of his finest Planning and Architectural Work.
Important Structures/Monuments in Capitol Complex – Legislative Assembly, Punjab and Haryana High Court, an Open Hand Monument, Geometric Hill, Secretariat and Tower of Shadows.
- Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus – Maharashtra
Previously known as Victoria Terminus, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus is a Historic Railway Station in Mumbai and serves as the Headquarters of the Central Railways in India.
Built in 1887 by Frederick William Stevens, this beautiful building showcases the perfect blend the Mughal Architecture along with Victorian Italianate Gothic Architecture.
The Station is one of the largest and Busiest Railway Stations in India, the Site requires more work and care in order to Preserve the Heritage and Prestige of our Country.
- Archeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara – Bihar
Another recent addition to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India, Nalanda Mahavihara was a large Buddhist Monastery and a Centre of learning from 3rd century BCE to the 13th century CE. The Heritage site includes Shrines, Stupas, Viharas (Educational and Residential Buildings) and represents the great artwork in Metal, Stone, and Stucco.
This Historical site testifies the expansion of Buddhism into a religion and the flourishing of Educational and Monastic Traditions.
- Mountain Railways of India
The Mountain Railways of India comprise of three Railways – The Kalka-Shimla Railway, The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. All of these three Railways are a fine example of native and courageous engineering solutions to establish a Rail link in the Rugged Terrains of the Beautiful Mountains.
The regions to which these railways associated as The Nilgiri Mountains, The Darjeeling Himalayas and The Hills of Shimla are one of the Most Popular Holiday Destinations In India. And the existence of these Heritage Railways adds an extra charm to these destinations.
Also, See – 7 Heritage and Luxury Trains in India
These Railways were built in 19th and early 20th century is a Real Jewel in the Heritage Of India and all of three are Fully Operational till now.
Natural Heritage Sites in India
28. The Great Himalayan National Park – Himachal Pradesh
Starting right from the Great Himalayas, The Great Himalayan National Park is one of the most Spectacular and Scenic National Parks in India.
Located in the Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh, the Park is home to a wide variety of Himalayan Wildlife. Packed with Snow Covered Mountains, Gushing Streams, Dense Coniferous Forests and Gigantic Glaciers, GHNP spreads over an area of 1151 Sq. km. GHNP is home to near about 375 species of fauna along with some Rare Species of Himalayan Plants and Herbs.
Snow Leopard, Himalayan Tahr, Himalayan Brown Bear, Blue Sheep and Musk Deer are some of the Rare and Endangered species of the Park. The Altitude of Park varies between 1500 m to 6000 m, offering Mesmerizing Views of Varied Landscapes. GHNP is also a great Destination for Adventure Activities like Trekking, Hiking, and Camping, but one should take proper permission from Government Authorities before entering the Park.
- Sunderbans National Park – West Bengal
One of the Oldest National Park in India, Sunderbans Biosphere and Tiger Reserve is the perfect place to spot the Biodiversity in the largest Mangrove Forest in the World. The Sunderbans National Park is home to the largest number of Royal Bengal Tigers in World.
Apart from Tigers, many other endangered species can be found here, including Reptiles, Aquatic Mammals, and Birds. The Gangetic Dolphin, River Terrapin, Salt Water Crocodile, Hawksbill Turtle and Horseshoe Crab are some of the Endangered Species of this national park.
The Sunderbans National Park is one of the most important Natural Heritage Sites in India and has a Unique Ecosystem that can not be found anywhere else in India. Due to the high frequency of encounters with local people of the area, some of the Tigers in this reserve are also known for being “Man-Eaters”.
- Keoladeo National Park – Rajasthan
Keoladeo National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Bharatpur region of Rajasthan. Also known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, the place is a mixture of Dry Grasslands, Woodland Swamps, Wetlands and Woodlands is home to many rare and endangered species of birds. The reserve is a favorite nesting and wintering ground for thousands of Migratory Birds who came here every year during the hibernal season. Along with 375 species of Birds, the park is home to a variety of Flora and Fauna. A perfect destination for Bird Watching and Nature Photography, Keoladeo National Park is one of the Best Bird Sanctuaries in India.
Some Rare and Endangered Species of Birds in the Park – Painted Stork, Indian Saurus, Great Egret, Eurasian Spoonbill, Crested Serpent Eagle, Darter and much more.
- Kaziranga National Park – Assam
Known as the home of the largest population of the One-Horned Rhinoceroses in the World, Kaziranga is one of the best wildlife sanctuaries in India. Situated in the Indian state of Assam, Kaziranga National Park offers one of the most beautiful natural landscapes in the World. The Park is a vast expanse of Marshland, tall Elephant Grass, and Dense tropical broadleaf forest with many small water bodies and four rivers flowing through it, including the Brahmaputra. Apart from One-Horned Rhinoceroses, Kaziranga is home to a large population of Wild Water Buffalo, Tiger, Swamp Deer, Elephants, Leopard, Sloth Bear, and several species of Endangered Birds.
- Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Park
Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Park are two adjacent mountainous regions renowned worldwide for its Outstanding Natural Beauty. Valley of flowers is famous for its fascinating meadows of endemic alpine flowers while Nanda Devi is famous for its lofty snow-capped Himalayan peaks, and together they encompass an exceptional transition Zone. Both these areas are well praised by the Botanists and Mountaineers from a long time and also holds a special place in the Hindu Mythology.
More than 700 species of Flora and 500 species of Fauna can be spotted at this World Heritage Site, which makes it one of the best destinations in India for Wildlife lovers. The Site is also a unique place for adventure activities like Trekking, Hiking, and Camping etc.
- Manas Wildlife Sanctuary – Assam
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is a Biodiversity Hotspot located in the Himalayan foothills in the state of Assam. The Park gets its name from the Manas River, which is flowing through the beautiful landscapes of the park. Recognized for its rich Biodiversity, Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the important UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India contributing in preserving the Natural Heritage of India on a larger scale.
Also, See – Top Wildlife Sanctuaries in India
The park provides a vital habitat for several endangered species, including One-Horned Rhino, Tiger, Swamp Deer, Bengal Florican, Hispid Hare, Assam Roofed Turtle, Golden Langur and Pygmy Hog.
- Western Ghats
The Western Ghats are one of the most popular and important natural Heritage Sites in India, which spreads over 1600 km from Konkan to the Malabar Coast of India. The Western Ghats are a chain of mountains and hills and constitutes several Biosphere Reserves, National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu states of India. These Mountains are believed to be older than the Himalayas and present the finest examples of the Monsoon system on Earth.
Having an extraordinary level of endemism and biological diversity, this chain of mountains is recognized as one among the 8 “Hottest Hotspots” in the World.
The Heritage Site is home to several endangered species which includes 229 species of plants, 31 species of Mammals, 43 species of amphibian, 15 species of Birds, and 5 species of reptiles.
The Western Ghats are a popular Hotspot among Adventure Enthusiasts as they are home to some of the best Trekking and Hiking Trails in South India.
Mixed Heritage Sites in India – Cultural/Natural
35. Khangchendzonga National Park – Sikkim
Previously known as Kanchenjunga National Park, Khangchendzonga is the latest entry into the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. Located amidst the Himalayan Ranges of West Sikkim, the site is a unique mixture of the diversity of plains, lakes, valleys, glaciers, dense forests and snow covered mountains including the world’s third highest mountain peak – The Khangchendzonga.
Several mythological beliefs and stories are associated with this region and the natural elements present here like Lakes, Rivers, and Caves are objects of worship to local people from the old times.
Several Sacred and mythological places such as Monasteries, Gompas, Shrines and other places of worship are located inside the protected area, which makes it a Heritage Site of both Natural and Cultural Importance.
The national park is one of the highest altitude national parks in the World and exhibits some of the rarest species of Himalayan Wildlife. Several rare Himalayan Floral species, shrubs, and medicinal herbs are also found in this beautiful protected area.
Spread over an area of 850 sq. km, the altitude of the park ranges from 1830m – 8550m that forms a unique ecosystem and offers some of the most breathtaking views on the earth.